Understanding Secondary Infertility. Part 1

Secondary infertility is a medical term that means a couple is unable to conceive and deliver a child after one has been born previously. As strange and unexpected as it may seem, secondary infertility is not all that uncommon. It is estimated that as many as 3.3 million American couples have secondary infertility! This is quite an extraordinary number, considering that Secondary Infertility may occur even more frequently than primary infertility (inability to have a first child). These statistics hopefully provide a bit of comfort – knowing that you are not alone, that there are numerous other couples who are faced with this very baffling situation.

So, What Can Cause Secondary Infertility?

You’ve already had a child, so why are you having difficulty conceiving another? The causes of Secondary Infertility in many cases are not different than the causes of primary infertility. They may include ovulatory dysfunction, endometriosis, adhesions from pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), or male factors just to name a few. If any of these circumstances were present the first time you were attempting to conceive, in many instances, they may still pose a problem and treatment would be warranted.

On the other hand, secondary infertility may be caused by new complications that were not present when you were having your first child. One example of a “new complication” is the development of pelvic structural problems. For example, if a woman developed adhesions in her fallopian tubes due to PID after the birth of her first child, these may make conception much more difficult. Besides PID, other new problems such as infections, trauma, or medical conditions may change the structure in the pelvic cavity making it less favorable for fertilization.

In many cases, age-related issues may be a new cause of infertility. As you may have heard or read in this website, female fertility naturally declines with age. This decline typically starts around age 36 and ends with menopause when the ovaries run out of viable eggs. For a woman who has children in her early 30′s, age-related fertility issues are not a concern. However, when that same woman decides to have a second child in her late 30′s or later, secondary infertility may be caused by an age related decline in fertility. Consider the following scenario:

Alice is a career-minded woman who waited until age 34 to have her first child. It took her 6 months to get pregnant, and she had a relatively uncomplicated pregnancy and delivery. She returned to work and thought that she did not want to have any more children. At age 41, Alice and her husband had a change of heart and began to long for another child. They started to try having another baby using techniques that had worked for them the first time around (planned intercourse around the time of ovulation and monitoring cervical mucus changes). After 12 months of trying, they were still unsuccessful. At this point, Alice was 42 years old. They went to a fertility specialist and discovered that Alice’s age is the biggest culprit keeping them from having a second baby. Although age was not an issue with their first child, the likelihood of getting pregnant at age 42 is dramatically lower than age 34.

For additional local glass pipes for sale visit kings-pipe.